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THE INDIAN HELPER
A WEEKLY LETTER
Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa.
VOL. XI. FRIDAY, February 7, 1896 NUMBER 18
IF life be heavy on your hands,
Are there no beggars at your gate.
Nor any poor about your lands?
Or, teach the orphan boy to read,
Or teach the orphan girl to sew;
Pray Heaven for a human heart,
And let your selfish sorrow go.
ANOTHER INDIAN CHIEF.
There are chiefs and chiefs who visit
Carlisle, but the educated
Indian chief is not so frequent a visitor as the
man of the opposite
extreme in civilization.
This week, however, Chief Tobias, a
broadminded, educated man of the
Delaware Indians of the Province of Ontario,
Canada, dropped in upon us
on his way to Lancaster from Bethlehem, where he
had been invited
[insert photo of campus in winter]
by the Young Men's Missionary Society of
Bethlehem, to speak upon the
Missionary work among the Indians of Canada.
At a gathering of our pupils in the Assembly
Hall after study-hour on
Monday evening, in honor of our guest, and for
him to see the entire
school in one room, he said he had heard of us
away up in Canada and he
had made it his business to come to Carlisle, to
He was informed at Bethlehem that we had some
two or three hundred
Indian boys and girls here, but when he got
inside of our grounds and
saw our immense buildings and the territory they
covered, he came to the
conclusion that they may just be the largest
Continued on 4th page.
The Indian Helper.
PRINTED EVERY FRIDAY
INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, CARLISLE, PA.
BY INDIAN BOYS.
THE INDIAN HELPER is PRINTED by Indian boys,
but EDITED by
The-Man-on-the-band-stand, who is NOT an Indian.
Price: - 10 cents a year.
Entered in the P.O. at Carlisle as second class
Address INDIAN HELPER, Carlisle, Pa.
Miss M. Burgess, Manager.
Do not hesitate to take the HELPER from the
Post Office, for if you
have not paid for it some one else has. It is
paid for in advance.
Julia Dorris, former pupil, is still at
Albuquerque, New Mexico.
A thousand thanks, good friends, for your
efforts on behalf of our
little paper, and for your many kindly words.
Maggie Beaulieu, of Beaulieu, Minn., who is now
Mrs. Danco, we are
sorry to learn recently lost her little daughter.
Misses Daisy and Alice
McIntosh of the same place are in good health.
Alice writes that they
have had no bitter cold weather, and just enough
snow to keep the
Four boys who escaped from the reform school at
several weeks ago and tramped two of the coldest
nights of this winter,
are crippled for life. Their hands and feet were
badly frozen. Tuesday
it became necessary to cut off five of the eight
frozen feet. Three of
the boys lost a foot each, and one boy lost two.
We are pleased to receive a finely illustrated
report of the United
States Indian School at Carlisle, Penn. The
photographs speak wonders that the school is
doing for the Indian youth.
But few schools in the country could turn out a
finer, a more
intellectual-looking, lot of boys and girls than
that exhibited by the
Carlisle School. -[*The Signs of the Times.*
The interior of the gymnasium presents a fine
appearance in its new
coat of paint. It is a most necessary institution
all in all. Never did
young people contribute better for life giving
energy of body and soul
than did the Indian young men and women who
contributed from their
earnings for the erection and equipment of our
gymnasium. For a
satisfying study of human nature, step in for a
half-hour almost any
evening after study-hour and watch the young men
and boys in their
various manoeuvres on rings, trapeze, horizontal
bars, poles, ropes,
ladders, vaulting horses, parallel bars and what
not, or the girls, two
evenings a week, at drill or in basket ball.
First, all hands take part
in a systematic drill in hand, leg and arm
movements, with and without
the dumbbells and Indian clubs. Disciplinarian
his young regiment under perfect control. Without
bluster, and with
scarcely an audible command the two and three
hundred on the floor move
in perfect time and precision. When dumbbells
touch it is as if one pair
of immense dumbbells in the hands of a mighty
giant sounded a single
peal of collision. It is just so, all through.
But after the general
drill comes the fun - the real enjoyment. The
show of muscle development
on the bronzed arms as boy after boy climbs the
smooth pole hand over
hand or a knotted rope in the same fashion or
swings in graceful but
most difficult performance on the parallel bar,
is most interesting. The
tumbling on mats is a feature in which many take
active part. Some
difficult feats upon the horizontal bar elicit
applause from spectators.
The apparatus is in good order and regularly and
Norman Cassadore left last week for Chicago
where he will work at his
trade of tailoring. He has been several years at
Carlisle, and owes his
education as far as he has gone to Carlisle. He
is of the same tribe as
Dr. Montezuma who is practicing medicine in the
same great city. Dare we
wish that Arizona Smith, who make the sweeping
assertion on the floor of
Congress, not long since, that the Apache Indian
could not be civilized,
might be obliged to seek medical aid as he passes
through Chicago and
that he might be served by Dr. Montezuma, or that
he might accidentally
stop at the house where Norman is employed and be
measured by him for a
suit of clothes. Mr. Smith would then and there
learn that all that the
Apache or any other Indian needs to become a man
is the association with
and experiences of men. Schooled on the
reservation, shut in from all
external influences that make men, he can never
be civilized; that we
will admit. Mr. Snyder, under whose instruction
Norman has worked would
have been glad to have taken him to Lock Haven.
But Norman preferred to
launch out in a larger city, and we wish him
The Band Sociable on Saturday evening was
another event of high
enjoyment. A stroller through the gymnasium when
things were selling at
their best made the following notes: That
McFarland was the best
salesman, and that much of his success was due to
his good natured way
of calling out his goods; that some of the
customers sat longer than
necessary at the tables, keeping others who had
tickets waiting too long; that a company of young
people who were
playing games requiring forfeits were having a
jolly good time of it;
that the benches down the centre of the hall
helped to relieve the
wall-flowers' that Miss Ely wondered why they
didn't have the flag up,
when it was directly in front of her and so large
she could not see it;
that Kennedy is a good solicitor; that Mr.
Standing was on the hunt for
Prof. Kinnear to play the march so that all
Sarah Petoskey writes that she likes the
school she is in near her
home in Michigan, and she is well and happy, but
she wants the HELPER so
she can read about "the school that I have been
to and which has done me
lots of good."
Skates are getting rusty.
Always on top - the roof.
Lent begins February 19th.
Professor Kinnear has a wheel.
Bad teeth mean poor digestion.
Empty wagons make most noise.
Ten inches of water in the boiler-house.
Firmly closed lips indicate determination.
An open mouth is an indication of stupidity.
It is said by anatomists to be a fact that
people hear better with
their mouths open.
The weather man has been a little short on
snow this winter.
Fannie Settle and Philip Pratt have gone to
their homes in Oklahoma.
Miss Ericson entertained her Sunday School
class last Thursday evening.
The ground-hog saw his shadow on Sunday, and
winter began in earnest
the next day.
Mrs. Jos. Milligan, of Wellsville, was a guest
of Miss Bourassa on
The devil sees to it that a grumbler always
has something to grumble
Graduating suits, graduating essays and
graduating exercises now fill
By intelligent care of ourselves we may be
seventy years young,
instead of forty years old.
Mr. John Davies, of Philadelphia, has taken
Mr. Snyder's place as
master tailor for the present.
Joseph Martinez and lady, Annie Lockwood took
the cake for the best
marching, at the band sociable.
Why should Mr. Standing's clock seem to be
ashamed? Because its hands
are always before its face.
Dickinson College Glee Club will entertain us
Friday night by a
concert, which we expect to enjoy in full.
Are muddy roads an excuse for a a muddy
carriage, after it has been
in the stable a half-hour? Not for people of
TEN subscriptions secure the Souvenir FREE. A
two cent stamp must
accompany the subscriptions to pay postage.
Miss Hulme has returned from Mt. Holly, N.J.,
where she was summoned
by the illness of her brother. He is still very
James Wheelock and Joseph Adams took part in
Dickinson Glee Club
concerts in Birdsboro and Reading last Friday and
Miss Bourassa tendered Mr. Snyder his parting
party Friday evening. A
number of guests were invited and the usual happy
Mr. Elmer B. Snyder, our accomplished young
tailor, has quit Carlisle
and gone into business on his own hook in Lock
Haven. In that city he
opens up in partnership with a friend, a gents
furnishing store with
tailoring department. There is a genuine feeling
of regret at the
departure from our midst of our esteemed
co-worker so full of life,
jollity, faithful work and excellent ability.
Jr. J. M. Buckley, of the N.Y. *Christian
Advocate* is to lecture
before the Literary Societies of the School on
The campus looked like the picture on first
page when we went to
press, but since then there has been a rain storm
from the east which
melted the snow.
There may be no serious harm come of wet feet
if when you go in the
house you change stockings and shoes, but to sit
with damp shoes and
stockings is positively dangerous.
Superintendent and Mrs. Gates of the
Government Boarding school, Ft.
Berthold, North Dakota, were here on Friday. They
take their vacation in
winter and were on their return to duty from the
Capt. Pratt and daughter Miss Nana are in
Washington this week. Miss
Nana assisted Mrs. Teller receive on Thursday,
and she and the Captain
were the guests of Senator and Mrs. Teller to
dinner the same day.
The talks this week at the opening of school
have been upon the
topic: "James Monroe's Old Home," by Miss
Silcott; "Clara Barton and the
Red Cross," by Miss Bowersox; and "Sponges and
Sponge Making," by Prof.
Last week the Susans had the pleasure of
publishing an invitation,
written by a boy to his lady friend, to attend
the lecture. This week
the Standards have the pleasure of publishing the
reply. It is as
follows: "I invitation your accept to your honor
to have with you to
selection, Yours dearly,"
It was hard travelling from building to
building yesterday in the
storm of rain, but we are thankful all the same
that we are not crowded
into one or two large buildings. The writer
remembers when she taught in
an Agency school where dormitories, school-rooms,
bakery, kitchen, laundry, teachers' rooms and
dining-hall were all under
one roof, and she also remembers the sore eyes,
scrofula, disease and
death resulting from the bad air.
Why SHOULD "i" be the happiest of all vowels?
The best complete
answer to this conundrum if accompanied by a new
receive FIVE DOLLARS. Answers must be received on
or before Washington's
Birthday. Some answers already are excellent in
originality and well
worth publishing. The correct answer is in a
sealed envelope under lock
and key and the nearest approach to it will get
the prize. There may be
none like it, and there may be several very
nearly like it. We cannot
say until after the 22nd, which is right or not.
Don't say, "I don't care if I die," when you
are admonished to come
in out of the rain and to take care of your
health. Every body knows you
are not telling the truth. Nobody may care if you
die, but the long,
slow suffering illness that comes before death
when we allow ourselves
to take cold through carelessness is what is
distressing. A very little
thoughtfulness about damp feet and damp clothing
and sitting in drafts
may keep us from taking cold. With a cold, you
may be able to be around
one day and the next day down with that terrible
disease which carries
so many people to their graves - pneumonia.
From 1st page.
boys and girls he ever saw, if two or three
hundred of them filled these
He assured his hearers that it afforded him a
great deal of pleasure
to stand before so many of his countrymen and
look them in the face.
"I trust that you appreciate the advantages
you have in this great
institution," he said.
"Fit yourselves to fight the battles of life
along side of your white
neighbor and become absorbed in with them.
"Show to the world that there can be something
done toward educating
"The Indian has talents, and all that those
talents require is a
bringing out. We can point to Indians who have
raised themselves up to
the plane and level of the white man and taking
their places among them.
We all have the same opportunity, but when we
receive this education
don't let us go back.
"All our old associations call us back.
"There are institutions of learning in my
country that have become
very popular, and who educate Indians to send
back. My advice to you is
to GET OUT among the civilized people and mingle
with them. Then you
will be in a position to reap the benefit of your
education, and you
will be a credit to yourself and to those who had
a hand in educating you."
He paid a high tribute to the Y.M.C.A. work
which he had learned had
been inaugurated at the school, and he would have
every young man go out
from the school strong in the Christian faith.
"Some people say that the only good Indian is
a dead one. You are in
a position to prove to the world the falsity of
that assertion and to
rise superior to it, and some of you WILL be
better than the bad white man.
"There are lots of bad white men, lots of
them. We don't wish to
The great man seemed filled with enthusiasm
and was loath to close,
but he said, he did not come to make a speech and
should he attempt it
he should get lost.
"An Indian hunter once got lost in the woods,"
he said, "and he
stopped at a white man's cabin to inquire the
'What! Indian lost?' asked the white man in
'No," said the Indian. 'Indian no lost. Wigwam
lost. Indian here.'
He used the story as an illustration of his
feelings. He might get
lost in his subject but the Indian would be
He seemed strongly impressed with the great
number of Indian boys and
girls of so many tribes before him.
"Why," said he. "There are more of my
own blood before me than there are Delawares
altogether in the Province
There was enthusiastic applause after the
It was the kind of talk that the Carlisle boy
and girl like to hear.
The next morning Chief Tobias spoke in the
dining-hall before the
pupils at breakfast, very earnestly and sensibly.
A PLUCKY INDIAN GIRL.
ONE REASON THE UNEDUCATED IN-
DIAN OBJECTS TO THE EDUCATION
OF THE GIRLS OF THE TRIBE.
The Educated Girl Does not Make so Good a
Slave, and She Objects to
Being Bought and Sold Like a Horse or Cow.
At an agency in the far west very recently the
Agent gave consent to
an Indian of the tribe to take a young girl from
the school to marry her.
Every thing seemed all straight and right.
The Indian represented to the Agent that he
loved the girl, and the
Agent knew not but the girl loved the man.
The Agent stipulated that they should be
married by a minister, which
was agreed to.
The time for the wedding came and the two
stood up before the
minister to take the marriage vows.
"Will you take this man to be your wedded
husband?" was asked by the
"No," responded the girl very decidedly. And
the wedding came to an
end then and there.
The Agent did not know it, but the GIRL knew
that she had been bought.
The girl's father had received several ponies
for her and she was too
far along in civilization and education to submit
to any such deal.
The girl is now in school and happy in the
protection of the
authorities of the agency.
The Superintendent of the school says in a
business letter in which
he related the incident that he has been talking
to them about allowing
themselves to be sold, and he can but feel that
his words are bearing fruit.
I am composed of 19 letters.
My 1, 3, 8, 17, 5 is a supposed right.
My 6, 15, 9 is a place where a mineral is
My 2, 11 is a fine animal.
My 19, 13, 7, 14, 10 is a disagreeable sound.
My 12, 18, 4, 16 is a disagreeable look.
My whole was an interesting place the Carlisle
Indian School visited
not long since.
ANSWER TO LAST WEEK'S ENIGMA: Washington's
[Subscription premium for THE NEW SOUVENIR
is a graphic that can't be transcribed,
but can be view on the blog at
http://photos1.blogger.com/x/blogger/21 … remium.jpg
Transcribed from the original by Barbara
http://www.carlisleindianschool.org There is a
blog with space for
comments linked among the menu options on the web
pages. Watch for news
of upcoming Carlisle exhibits at Dickinson
College, Cumberland Co
Historical Society and Carlisle Barracks, along
with a symposium, this Fall.
Barbara C. Landis
PO Box 1451, Carlisle PA 17013
Carlisle Indian School Research Pages
Tel: 717.418.2158 (cell)
To receive the weekly INDIAN HELPER transcription
from 1896, email me! I'll add you to my list.