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#1 Aug-24-2011 10:06:am

bls926
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From: Texas
Registered: Oct-21-2006
Posts: 12082

Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants

Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants

By Steve Olafson
OKLAHOMA CITY | Tue Aug 23, 2011 9:16pm EDT

OKLAHOMA CITY (Reuters) - The nation's second-largest Indian tribe formally booted from membership thousands of descendants of black slaves who were brought to Oklahoma more than 170 years ago by Native American owners.

The Cherokee nation voted after the Civil War to admit the slave descendants to the tribe.

But on Monday, the Cherokee nation Supreme Court ruled that a 2007 tribal decision to kick the so-called "Freedmen" out of the tribe was proper.

The controversy stems from a footnote in the brutal history of U.S. treatment of Native Americans. When many Indians were forced to move to what later became Oklahoma from the eastern U.S. in 1838, some who had owned plantations in the South brought along their slaves.

Some 4,000 Indians died during the forced march, which became known as the "Trail of Tears."

"And our ancestors carried the baggage," said Marilyn Vann, the Freedman leader who is a plaintiff in the legal battle.

Officially, there are about 2,800 Freedmen, but another 3,500 have tribal membership applications pending, and there could be as many as 25,000 eligible to enter the tribe, according to Vann.

The tribal court decision was announced one day before absentee ballots were to be mailed in the election of the Cherokee Principal Chief.

"This is racism and apartheid in the 21st Century," said Vann, an engineer who lives in Oklahoma City.

Spokesmen for the tribe did not respond when asked to comment.

The move to exclude the Freedmen has rankled some African American members of Congress, which has jurisdiction over all Native American tribes in the country.

A lawsuit challenging the Freedman's removal from the tribe has been pending in federal court in Washington, for about six years.

As a sovereign nation, Cherokee Nation officials maintain that the tribe has the right to amend its constitutional membership requirements.

Removal from the membership rolls means the Freedmen will no longer be eligible for free health care and other benefits such as education concessions.

(Editing by Cynthia Johnston and Greg McCune)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/08/ … 8F20110824

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#2 Aug-24-2011 10:18:am

bls926
Administrator
From: Texas
Registered: Oct-21-2006
Posts: 12082

Re: Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants

The tribal court decision was announced one day before absentee ballots were to be mailed in the election of the Cherokee Principal Chief.

Timing of this "Supreme Court decision" is suspicious. Does Chad Smith own the Cherokee Supreme Court?

The Freedmen overwhelmingly voted for Bill John Baker in June. Looks like Smith wants to ensure that doesn't happen again.

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#3 Aug-31-2011 09:14:pm

lenape_eela
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Registered: Aug-26-2010
Posts: 134

Re: Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants

of course this ass chad smith owns the supreme court officials, he effectively got rid of a crap ton of votes that were " against" him in the chiefs election. now he is mailing flyers and doing voting polls over the telephone to "humbly ask that ya vote for him."  kiss my ass chad smith ya snake..

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#4 Sep-25-2011 10:14:am

bls926
Administrator
From: Texas
Registered: Oct-21-2006
Posts: 12082

Re: Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants

Important notification to Freedmen descendants

September 23, 2011

An agreement between the Cherokee Nation, freedmen descendant attorneys and the U.S. Department of Interior reinstates the 2,800 Cherokee Freedmen descendants who were citizens of the Cherokee Nation prior to the Aug. 22, 2011 Cherokee Nation Supreme Court ruling.  That agreement prompted a federal court order that has specific provisions related to citizenship status of Cherokee freedmen descendant citizens and the upcoming special election for Principal Chief.

Read the federal court order.

Read the letter from the Cherokee Nation Election Commission.

Read the letter from Cherokee Nation registration.


http://www.cherokee.org/PressRoom/32712 … ticle.aspx

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#5 Oct-11-2011 06:22:pm

bls926
Administrator
From: Texas
Registered: Oct-21-2006
Posts: 12082

Re: Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants

Cherokee court won't recognize freedmen vote agreement; impact on election unclear

By LENZY KREHBIEL-BURTON World Correspondent
Published: 10/11/2011  2:44 PM
Last Modified: 10/11/2011  3:41 PM

TAHLEQUAH — The Cherokee Nation Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that it will not recognize an agreement reached last month in federal court allowing freedmen descendants to vote.

It is unclear how the ruling will affect the latest election for principal chief.

The agreement, which reinstated the tribal citizenship of more than 2,800 freedmen -- descendants of former Cherokee slaves -- was brokered in federal district court in Washington, D.C. on Sept. 20, four days before the tribe’s second election for principal chief. It was reached following a compromise between attorneys for the tribe and the freedmen, to allow freedmen to vote in the election.

“The acting Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, S. Joe Crittenden, on Sept. 20, 2011, entered into an agreement … that contained terms that were in direct violation of the Cherokee Nation Constitution and an order of the court entered on Aug. 22, 2011.”

On Aug. 22, the tribe’s Supreme Court upheld a 2007 tribal referendum that disenrolled the freedmen descendants and required at least one Cherokee ancestor on the final Dawes Rolls in order to apply for citizenship.

Tuesday's order from the tribal supreme court came down while the Cherokee Nation Election Commission finished verifying the absentee ballots cast in the second election.

“Nothing in the order suspends the count,” said Tribal Council attorney Todd Hembree.

No attorney filed a motion with the court asking for a ruling on the agreement reached in federal court. The tribal court issued the ruling on its own.

Meanwhile, officials said initial, unofficial results with about 98 percent of the vote will be released by 5 p.m. today, after several thousand absentee ballots are counted.

Unofficial total results are to be released by 9 p.m., tribal officials said.

Following a count of all in-person voting Sunday, Tribal Council member Bill John Baker unofficially leads former chief Chad Smith by almost 2,200 votes.

The Cherokee Nation Election Commission released unofficial, machine-counted vote totals by precinct for the tribe's 38 polling places and walk-in voting, with Baker ahead 6,223 votes to 4,046.

That gave Baker an initial lead of 60.6 percent to 39.4 percent.

More details will be posted as they become available.


http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/article. … amp;r=7260

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